"pa" or "fa") when the visual image of the mouth pronouncing it is changed; a classic example of "visual capture", second layer of neurons in the retina that transmit impulses from rods and cones to ganglion cells; rods share these, but cones do not. Current course. Called Coincidence Detection. the study of relationship between the physical characteristic of stimuli, such as their intensity, and our psychological experience of them. Definition of Sensation. the theory that the spinal cord contains neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs. For this portion of the AP exam you will need to be familiar with thresholds and signal detection theory, attention, sensory mechanisms, and perceptual processes. in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 194), the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time (for example, per second). the system for sensing the position and movement of individual body parts; enabled by feedback from proprioceptors (which provide info about the movement of muscles, tendons, joints); also called "proprioception", the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance; enabled by feedback from semicircular canals in inner ear, finger-like projections on the basilar membrane that stimulate activity of the auditory nerve, snail-shaped tube in the inner ear that contains fluid that moves in response to vibrations, stimulating activity on the basilar membrane, area within the cochlea where hair cells are located, fluid filled tubes in inner ear that provide information about movement of the head. In everyday language, the terms "sensation" and "perception' are often used interchangeably. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 154), conversion of one form of energy into another. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 175), the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, including vision. In sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds, and smells, into neural impulses our brain can interpret. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 197), a device for converting sounds into electrical signals and stimulating the auditory nerve through electrodes threaded into the cochlea. Terms from unit on sensation and perception in AP Psychology. They detect fine details and give rise to color sensation. sensations that appear to originate in a limb that has been amputated after an amputation, the person continues to experience the felt presence of the amputated limb. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events. Participants. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 184), depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes. nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimuli, such as shape, angle, or movement. The process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina. Description. This AP Psychology practice test covers sensation and perception. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Also called nerve deafness.) (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), retinal receptor cells that are concentrated near the center of the retina and that function in daylight or in well-lit conditions. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters. Stare at the picture until you see his profile instead of him looking at you. the distance from the peak of one light or sound wave to the peak of the next. Otherwise it hits one before the other. In sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies into neural impulses. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Site news. in psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations, gestures, and other states on cognitive preferences and judgments, Activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one's perception, memory, or response. height of a wave; influences brightness in visual perception and volume in audition. a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear; sound waves traveling through the cochlear fluid trigger nerve impulses. Perception below the threshold of awareness. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 156), a theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a faint stimulus (signal) amid background stimulation (noise). AP Psychology 2. 176, 319), Young-Helmholtz trichromatic (three-color), theory the theory that the retina contains three different color receptors—one most sensitive to red, one to green, one to blue—which, when stimulated in combination, can produce the perception of any color. About This Chapter. Sensation and Perception Sensation the activation of our senses Perception the process of understanding these sensations Energy Senses Vision S tep one: gathering light light is reflected off of objects and gathered by the eye the color we perceive depends on: intensity- how much energy the light contains. However, as you will soon see, they are very distinct, yet complementary processes. monocular cue for depth perception; nearby objects reflect more light to our eyes...thus, given two identical objects, the dimmer one seems farther away. the principle that one sense may influence another, as when the smell of food influences its taste or the McGurk effect. channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 158), diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation. Sensation and perception are two separate processes that are very closely related. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 185), an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information. Understanding these two concepts is important in psychology. Sensation: Perception: The process of detecting a stimulus, such as • light waves (vision) , • sound waves (hearing) , • chemical molecules (smell and taste ), • heat or pressure (touch). "ba") can be perceived differently (e.g. a fifth taste sensation added to the list, a savory flavor, Passages in the inner ear associated with maintaining equilibrium, The ability to focus on one auditory message and ignore others; also refers to the tendency to notice when your name suddenly appears in a message that you've been actively ignoring. Sign up here. Shaker Heights District Website. In other words, senses are the physiological basis of perception. The process of integrating, organizing and interpreting sensations. a ring of muscle tissue that forms the color portions of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual information. Test out how well you understand it by taking the test below in preparation for the exam focusing on basic entry … (Myers Psychology for AP 2e pp. determines brightness (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 159), the distance from the peak of one light or sound wave to the peak of the next. Start studying AP Psychology: Sensation and Perception. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), the point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located there. monocular cue for depth perception; objects that seem "fuzzier" or less clear are perceived to be farther away. the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster. In our ears, sound waves stimulate motion of the structure, which sends a message to our brain that we are hearing sound. Cognitive psychology encompasses various psychological processes such as neuroscience, attention, memory, sensation, perception, intelligence, emotions, thinking, visualization, and other processes that are related to the human mind, the … AP Psychology Spring 2016 Vision … often credited with founding "psychophysics" as a subfield of psychology; studied afterimages, Nobel-prize-winning researchers who discovered "feature detectors" within the brain, a device for converting sounds into electrical signals and stimulating the auditory nerve through electrodes threaded into the cochlea, the principle that one sense may influence another, as when the smell of food influences taste, when one sort of sensation (such as hearing a sound) produces another (such as seeing color), a perceptual whole; derived from German word meaning "form" or "whole", literally, "below threshold"; stimuli too weak to be consistently detected, ability to attend to only a limited amount of sensory information at one time, ability to selectively attend to one voice among many, A gestalt perceptual phenomenon; the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings, the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups, Gestalt grouping principle; we group nearby figures together, Gestalt grouping principle; we group similar figures together, Gestalt grouping principle; our tendency to perceive smooth, continuous patterns rather than discontinuous ones, Gestalt grouping principle; when objects uniform (in color or texture) are linked (no space exists between them) we perceive them as a single unit, Gestalt grouping principle; we fill in "gaps" to create a full, complete object, the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance, laboratory device for testing depth perception among infants and young animals; its use demonstrated that, among most species, animals have the ability to perceive depth by the time they are mobile, depth cues that require the combined input of both eyes, depth cues that only require input from one eye; often used in 2D art to create illusion of depth, a binocular cue for perceiving depth; by comparing the images of the retinas of the two eyes, the brain computes distance. the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time. Retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision, when cones don't respond. Sensation is defined as the process in which a sensory receptor is stimulated, producing nerve impulses that travel to the brain, which in turn interprets such impulses as a visual image, a sound, taste, odor, touch, or pain. Learn psychology sensation and perception with free interactive flashcards. weight, brightness, etc). (Myers for AP 2e). diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 199). Assumes there is no single absolute threshold and that detection depends partly on a person's experience, expectations, motivation, and alertness. Create your own flash cards! the principle that, to be perceived as different, two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum percentage (rather than a constant amount). Anatomy of the eye: outermost transparent layer protecting the eye; assists in light refraction, A type of retinal cells that accepts electric (nerve) impulses from the photoreceptors and passes them to the ganglion cells. Terms from unit on Sensation and Perception in AP Psychology. Traditionally, human beings are considered to have five main senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Cells in the superior olive. Our senses can be broadly grouped into exteroception, for the detection of stimuli that occur outside of our body, and interoception, for stimuli occurring inside of our bodies. Sensation refers to our ability to detect or sense the physical qualities of our environment. Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. They also keep our airways clean by removing mucus and dust from the nose and lungs. Sensation: Your hearing senses detect a loud rumble coming from a distance. the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time; determines perception of hue in light and of pitch in sound, sound information that depends on frequency (or wavelength) of sound waves. Advertisements. Test your knowledge on all of Sensation and Perception. (Myers for AP 2e) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. However, what constitutes a sense is a matter of great debate, leading to difficulties in precisely defining what it is. Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. 157, 336), the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detection 50 percent of the time. conversion of one form of energy into another. the theory that opposing retinal processes (red-green, yellow-blue, white-black) enable color vision; useful for explaining the phenomenon of "after-images". This flashcard is simple and easy to practice and is more fun-oriented. Psychology - Sensation and Perception. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195). the dimension of color that is determine by the wavelength of light; what we know as the color names blue, green, and so forth. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195), a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency. Site pages. A structure that runs the length of the cochlea in the inner ear and holds the auditory receptors, called hair cells. Missed a question here and there? Created. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 184), depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone. If you've ever been to a 3D movie, you've experienced the benefits of sensation and perception research. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster. Sensation, in neurology and psychology, any concrete, conscious experience resulting from stimulation of a specific sense organ, sensory nerve, or sensory area in the brain.The word is used in a more general sense to indicate the whole class of such experiences. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 157), the activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one's perception, memory, or response. Explanation for why the "bottom" of a figure-ground illusion usually is interpreted as the "figure", monocular cue for depth perception; if we assume two objects are similar in size, most people perceive the one that casts the smaller retinal image to be farther away, monocular cue for depth perception; if one object partially blocks our view of another object, we perceive it as closer, monocular cue for depth perception; parallel lines, such as railroad tracks, appear to converge with distance. Sensation is (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 155), the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time. Sensation and Perception, Altered Consciousness. This information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into play. Monocular cue to distance and depth based on the fact that more distant objects are likely to appear hazy and blurred. Total Cards. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. It is the processing of the information, comprehending and responding to … (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 185), the sense or act of hearing. Level. Contrast with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving. Progress Book. Create your own flashcards and study sets or choose from millions created by other students — it’s up to you. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 154), failing to notice changes in the environment. Choose from 500 different sets of psychology sensation and perception flashcards on Quizlet. Sensation is input about the physical world obtained by our sensory receptors, and perception is the process by which the brain selects, organizes, and interprets these sensations. the ability to adjust to an altered perceptual reality; in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or inverted visual field (as when wearing visual displacement goggles). Focusing of conscious awareness up 10 degrees the player wears these glasses the... Nerve that carries neural impulses from the pinna to the brain loud rumble coming from a distance objects! Them to pass on to the brain 's natural mode of information processing for many functions including... We are hearing sound two stimuli required for detection 50 percent of the next each of picture! 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